「Borrow、Lend」中文意思差在哪?5組英文相似字的不同用法與時機!

編輯/蕭譯婷

有些單字明明有相似的意思,例如look、see、watch,但使用時機與方式卻大有不同!

Engvid講師Rebecca提出了五組意義相似,但使用時機不同的英文單字,當你的閱讀量增加,逐漸有了英文語感之後,這些小問題就再也難不倒你囉!

1. Learn / teach

Learn = get knowledge or skills 學習
Teach = give knowledge or skills 教導
e.g. Mrs. Cole teaches us English. Cole老師教我們英文。

2. Bring / take

Bring = move towards speaker 拿給某人
Take = move away from speaker 從某人身上拿走
e.g. Please bring me some water. 請拿點水給我。
e.g. Please take my plate away. 請將我的盤子收走。

3. Borrow / lend

Borrow = take temporarily 借入
Lend = give temporarily 借出
e.g. Could I borrow your pen, please? 可以請你借我筆嗎?
e.g. Could you lend me your pen please? 可以請你借我筆嗎?

4. Win / beat

Win = You win a game, prize, award. 獲勝
Beat = You defeat another person or team. 打敗
e.g. Team A won the game. A組贏得了比賽。
e.g. Team A beat Team B. A組贏了B組。

5. Do / make 做

e.g. I made a mistake. 我犯了個錯。
e.g. They did their homework. 他們做了作業。

圖片出處:MikeZhang

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