「借」的英文怎麼說?借用應該要用 lend 還是 borrow ?

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編輯/偕詩敏

Lend跟Borrow意思一樣,但是用法卻差很多。一個是借別人東西,一個是跟別人借東西。你知道要如何分辨嗎?Lucy在《English with Lucy》中要告訴你利用音節(syllable),來區別lend跟borrow!

1. 定義

Lend:To give something to somebody for a limited amount time.
三態:Lend, Lent, Lent

Borrow:To receive something for a limited amount of time.

三態:Borrow, Borrowed, Borrowed

2. 分法

Syllable音節
Lend (一個音節) = Give (一個音節)
Borrow(兩個音節)=Receive (兩個音節)

Katie, can you lend me 10 pound? 也可以說
Can I borrow 10 pounds?
Katie,可以跟你借10英鎊嗎?

但是不能說Caty, can you borrow me 10 pound?

I can lend you 10 pounds. 也可以說
You can borrow 10 pounds.

我可以借你10英鎊

但一樣不能說I can borrow you 10 pounds.

所以從第三者角度,可說
John has borrowed 10 pounds from Katie.
John從Katie那借了10英鎊

Katie has lent 10 pounds to John.
Katie已經借了10英鎊給John

Could you lend me your Ferrari?
你能借我你的法拉利嗎?
No way, last time you borrowed my Ferrari, you crashed it.
不行,上次我借你時你把它撞壞了

I borrowed this T-shirt from Felicity.
我從Felicity借來了T-shirt

Did you lend him your PS4?

你有沒有借它PS4?

You shouldn’t lend money.
你不應該借別人錢

 

參考圖片:bernswaelz

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