【英文連接詞】英文連接詞只會用 but 嗎?試試however、although、 though、despite…!

編輯/林以晨

就跟中文作文一樣,我們會使用「但是」來連接前後相對的語意,英文中我們則會使用「but」,可是只有「but」可以連接相對的語意嗎?當然不!英文老師 Aly 就在《Papa Teach Me》上介紹了許多可以用來替代「but」的用法!

先以「but」來造句:

e.g She is beautiful, but she has a bad personality.

(她很美,可是她人品不好。)

你可以改成下面這些不同的用法,但他們的意思都一樣:

1. however

e.g She is beautiful. However, she has a bad personality.

2. although

Although she is beautiful, she has a bad personality.

= She is beautiful, although she has a bad personality.

要注意,即便中文上我們會說:「雖然…但是…」,可是使用 although 的話,不可以再使用 but,although 可以放在句首或是句中,但不可以在句尾。

3. (even) though

(Even) though she is beautiful, she has a bad personality.

= She is beautiful, she has a bad personality though.

他的用法與 although 相似,也同樣的不可以加上 but,不過 although 與 even though 不能放句尾,單用 though 就可以放句尾。

4. having said that

She is beautiful, having said that, she has a bad personality.

5. despite

Despite her being beautiful, she has a bad personality.

要注意這裡,depsite 的詞性為介係詞,所以後面要先改承受格,然後再把動詞改成 V-ing 的形式。

另外,depsite 有一個條件,除了前後相對之外,第二個條件是 —— 帶有「即使」的意思,也就是說「即使前句這件事情,後面這句的事情不會被影響」。

6. nevertheless

She is beautiful. Nevertheless, she has a bad personality.

圖片來源:AxxLC

另外,如果你喜歡學習各種英文文法、英文片語、單字等等,歡迎追蹤全民學英文的 FB 粉絲專頁Instagram,以及Line 官方帳號