“while”與“meanwhile”的區別到底在哪裡?4個差別,讓你一次搞懂!

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編輯/黃家佳

“while” 和 “meanwhile”都表示「同時發生」,但他們有什麼區別嗎?

1、句子數量

meanwhile連接兩個句子,所以在meanwhile出現的地方,前後一定各有一句。

while 連接同一個句子中的2個不同動作,所以句子一定只有一句。

如:

I went to a concert. Meanwhile, my friend was at a restaurant. (2句)

I will do my homework while you watch TV. (1句)

2、位置不同

meanwhile 在第二句的句首

while 既可在句首,又可置於句中。

如:

I went to a concert. Meanwhile, my friend was at a restaurant. (第二句句首)

While you watch TV, I will do my homework. (句首)

I will do my homework while you watch TV. (句中)

3、逗號

meanwhile 後面一定要加逗號

while 不用加

Mom worked all day. Meanwhile, I was at school. (逗號緊跟在後)

While you sang, I took pictures of you. (沒有逗號)

4、後面接的成分不一樣

meanwhile 後面接句子的主語

while 不一定,可以加主語,可以接動詞ing形式

Mom worked all day. Meanwhile, I was at school. (加主語)

While you sang, I took pictures of you. (加主語)

Every day, I eat breakfast while reading the newspaper. (加動詞ing形式)

練習

1)People were at home watching TV. _____, aliens were planning their invasions of the Earth.

2)_____ I was waiting for Jeremy, I heard a loud noise.

3)I read a lot of books _____ I was on the airplane.

 

答案:

1)因為有兩句話,而連接兩個句子,只能用meanwhile

2)這裡只有一句話,並且meanwhile只能在第二個動作的句首,這裡是第一個動作的居句首,所以只能用While(記得大寫)。

3)這裡只有一句話,所以用while。

 

圖片來源:pixaybay

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