【during 用法】秒懂英文 during 中文意思與所有用法!

【during 用法】秒懂英文 during 中文意思與所有用法!

你知道英文during 的正確用法怎麼用嗎?during 是指「在…期間」或是「在…期間的時候」的意思。during 常常會跟一些介系詞搞混,例如while、in…等等。本篇文章教你during 的正確用法,以及與其他介系詞的差異,趕快來看這篇文章吧!

下面教學英文 during 用法與中文意思。

During 用法與中文意思!完整講解

1.during 用法與中文意思

during 的中文意思是指「在…期間」的意思,也就是during 是指一段期間喔,而不是指某個時間點。

例:
They work during the night and sleep by day.
他們夜裡工作,白天睡覺。

例:
You’re not allowed to chat during the exam.
考試期間不準聊天。

從上面例子你會發現, during 是指某一段期間的意思,而且during 後面接的不一定是時間,可以接很多名詞。例如上方接的就是 night 跟 exam。

往下看更多during 的例句。

例:
I woke up several times during the night.
夜裡我醒了好幾次。

例:
She kept talking with her friends during the lecture.
她在演講中持續跟朋友聊天。

2.during 跟 while 的用法差異

很多人可能會搞不清楚during 跟 while 的差異。during 跟 while 最主要的差異在於期間的長短。

然後during 後面會接名詞,而while 後面可能會接子句,或是省略主詞,直接接動名詞。

例:
You wouldn’t stop talking during the movie.
在看電影的時候,你能不能停止講話。
(during 後面接名詞)

例:While (I was) reading,I heard a noise.
當我在閱讀時,我聽見了一聲巨響。
(while 後面可以接子句,或是省略主詞,直接接動名詞)

3.during 跟 in 用法差異

During 是指「在…期間」的意思,而當你用in 時,代表在「某段期間之內」,所以有時候during 跟 in 意思是可以相通的。

例:
I woke up several times during the night.
夜裡我醒了好幾次。

上面這個例子改成用 in ,意思完全一樣。如下。

例:I woke up several times in the night.
夜裡我醒了好幾次。

常見的during 跟 in 可以通用的情況有以下。

例:
During the night/ in the night
During the day / in the day
During the summer / in the summer (有些情況可以通用,要看句子)
During the winter / in the winter
During the year / In the year

從上面例子你可以發現,凡是後面接的是年、月、日、季節、白天、晚上….等等,是有一段時間期間的話,通常during 跟 in 可以通用。

4.during 的常見用法

至於during 後面常接什麼呢?during 後面接的名詞頻率最高的為以下。

例:
during the first (year/century)
during the last (year/century)
during the period
during the past (例:during the past 10 years)
during the day
during the year
during the war
during the course
during the summer
during the time
during the night
during the winter

during 後面通常接名詞,頻率最高的有以上這些例子。

例如:
I work hard every day during the past 20 years.
過去二十年我每天努力工作。

例:
It rained during the first few days of the trip.
在旅行的前幾天下雨了。

例:
His business is getting bigger and bigger during the last ten years.
他的生意在過去十年越做越大。

更多其他常見的英文用法可以參考下面文章。

上面就是during 用法的完整教學啦!趕快學起來吧。

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