【would 用法】秒懂英文 would 中文意思跟所有用法!

【would 用法】秒懂英文 would 中文意思跟所有用法!

would 用法有哪些?英文would在使用上讓很多人困擾,因為 would 有很多用法,用在陳述句時,would 可以用來表達過去的 will,也能用在表達「想要」的意思。

到底would有哪些用法呢?以下整理would幾乎所有的英文用法,趕快學起來,讓自己的英文更上一層樓吧!從此再也不被would困擾!

Would 用法教學

下面教學各種 Would 用法,並加上英文例句說明。

would 用法1、 使用英文「陳述句」時,表達過去的will

當你用陳述句時,用來表達某某人說了什麼…,你會將那個人的will 改成 would,因為此時原作者表達的will 對於說的那個人,已經發生在過去了。

例:
A:I will go to the party. (A說我會去舞會)
B:He said that he would go to the party.(B用陳述句表達:他說他會去舞會)

would 用法2、表達「想要」、「意願」

will 跟 would一個可以用來表達現在的意願,一個可以用來表達過去的意願。如果你用 will ,表示你現在想要去做什麼事,而那件事在現在之後。如果你用 would ,表示你過去想要怎樣…你的那個「意願」發生在過去喔。

例1:
I won’t let my daughter go to the party.
我不讓我女兒去舞會。(表達的是現在的意願:現在不想讓女兒去舞會。但過去想不想讓女兒去舞會,則不知道)

例2:
I wouldn’t let my daughter go to the party.
我不會讓我女兒去舞會。(表達的是過去的意願,我之前就不想讓女兒去舞會)

would 用法3、表達「過去習慣」做某件事。

would還有一個用法,跟「used to 」的用法一樣,用來表達過去習慣去做某件事。

例:
When I was in Taiwan, I would go to the gym two times a week.
當我還在台灣時,每個禮拜去兩次健身房。

這裡的句子,用used to 替換也是一樣的意思,「used to 」用來表達過去習慣做某件事。

例:I used to go to the gym two times a week When I was in Taiwan. 我以前在台灣每周去兩次健身房。

would 用法4、表達請求

當我們想請求別人幫忙時,也可以用will或是would。

例1:Will you please help me?
例2:Would you please help me?

這裡必需注意的是:用would比用will,語氣上會更顯得有禮貌多了。

would 用法5、用在假設語氣

當我們使用if 假設語氣時,後面也可以接 would。would + have +p.p. 的句型,可以用在假設語氣的第三條件句。

例:
If I had enough money, I would buy a car for my mother.
如果我有足夠的錢,我會買輛車給我媽。(If 第二條件句)
(用來表達過去的想法:如果我以前有足夠的錢,我那時就會買輛車給我媽媽)

例:If I had been sick, I would have gone to the doctor.(If 第三條件句)
如果我生病了,我會去看醫生。

關於If 假設語氣的四種用法,可以參考這篇文章。

would 用法6.、would have + 過去分詞

「would have + 過去分詞」用來表達過去想做的事,但卻沒做。

例:
I would have called you, but I was too busy.
我想打給你的,但我太忙了。(想打,但卻沒打)

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would 用法7、跟wish一起用

「wish + (that) + 過去式」通常用來表達你希望過去的某件事怎樣怎樣,但現在其實沒有。

例:I wish that you wouldn’t smoke so much. 我希望你沒抽那麼多煙。
例:I wish that it would stop raining! 我希望雨能停。

would 用法8、Why would… 為什麼…

would 也很常跟why 一起出現,用來詢問為什麼….。

例:
Why would anyone do such a thing?
怎麼會有人想做這樣的事。

例:
Why would you drive, when you could take the MRT?
你可以搭捷運的話,為什麼要開車?

9、would like/would rather/would prefer/would you mind

would 還有其他用法,都是一些表達「想要」的意思。例如would like, would rather, would prefer等等,其他還有would you mind 等等。

例1:
I would like some tea.
我想要些茶

例2:
I would rather go to the gym.
我寧願去健身房

例3:
I would prefer to stay at home .
我比較想待在家。

例4:
Would you mind doing me a favor?
你介意幫我個忙嗎?

另外,你可能也會想要知道其他的用法,整理如下。

would 用法10.Would 的簡寫 ‘d

Would 常常會使用縮略形式出現,例如常見的 I would 會變成 I’d。

各種 Would 的縮略形式如下:

例:
I would = I’d
We would = We’d
She would = She’d
He would = He’d
You would = You’d
They would = They’d

上面就是英文Would 全部用法教學啦,趕快學起來吧!