study/learn、may be/maybe、every day/everyday到底有什麼區別?一次弄懂!

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編輯/黃家佳

英文中有很多詞,意思很像,甚至發音都一樣。

study/ learn、may be/ maybe、everyday/ every day到底有什麼區別呢?讓engvid.com的James一次把你教會!

1、study/ learn

(1)learn表示通過練習、經驗所得來的新知識,是能實際運用的知識。

(2)study更強調的是閱讀、背誦等。除此之外,也表示「你上的課/你的學位」。

比方說:What do you study?

你可以回答:I am studying math and history this term. 或 I am studying for a medical degree.

另外,study是learn的一部分:Studying is one way of learning.

比方說You can study grammar rules to learn grammar. However, to learn conversation, you need to practice.

要區別study和learn這兩個詞,可以試想以下情況:

1)

如果你有天在過馬路時不小心被車撞到,相信你一定學到一課:在走之前,先看看左右兩邊的狀況。這種東西,是經驗告訴你的,You learn it. 而不是study,通過背誦、記憶的方式。

2)

I was studying until 4 am.

I learned how to make money.

為什麼第一句用study呢?因為他強調的是背誦、記憶等。很可能他學到凌晨四點,很累,根本learn nothing,但至少他study了。

第二句話用learn是因為他學會了賺錢的方式,而這是一種技能,是可以實際運用的。

3)

還有一句話也能幫助你理解這兩個詞的差別:You can study a lot but learn nothing.

2、maybe/ may be

(1)maybe表示「可能」,是一個單字,副詞(adv.)

(2)may be是兩個詞,是may助動詞+ be。就像could be、might be和would be一樣,是同一種結構。它是一個動詞組合。

Mr. E may be sleeping in his room.

There are many people with stupid ideas and maybe they shouldn’t express them.

區別的重點,就看這句話抽掉這個may be/ maybe完不完整。如果完整,那就是用maybe,如果不完整,就是may be。(所謂完整,就是指這句話的主語、謂語有沒有齊全。)

像第一句話may be抽調的話,這句話就是Mr. E sleeping in his room. 這顯然不對,因為沒有謂語。其實may be sleeping中的 “be sleeping”是進行時,前面加一個may是表示猜測。這句話的意思是,「Mr. E可能正在房間睡覺。」

第二句話的maybe抽調的話,句子完全成立:There are many people with stupid ideas and they shouldn’t express them.(很多人的想法都很笨,他們不該講出來。)

3、every day/ everyday

(1)every day是一個副詞詞組,表示時間,「每一天」

(2)everyday是一個形容詞,是用來修飾其他名詞的,表示「每一天的」

Every day I go to work. I find something to smile about. 每天去上班時,我都會讓我的臉上掛著微笑。(表示時間)

These are my everyday clothes. 這些就是我的日常穿著。(日常=每一天的,形容詞)

練習

1、Last night, instead of _____ (studying/ learning) my English notes at home like I do _____ (everyday/ every day), I went out with my friends.

2、_____ (may be/ maybe) it would have been better if I had stayed home.

3、I _____ (may be/ maybe) the best student in the class, but if I keep going out and not doing my _____ (everyday/ every day) study routine, I won’t _____ (study/ learn) how to speak English.

 

答案

1、studying; every day

2、Maybe

3、may be; everyday; learn

 

 

圖片來源:pixabay

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