英文字母子音發音規則!所有子音整理

英文字母子音發音規則!所有子音整理

英文字母子音發音規則教學來囉!我們都知道英文有子音跟母音的區別,本篇文章要來教學英文子音的發音規則。如果你還不知道各個子音如何發音,那就趕快來看這篇文章吧!

下面整理各種英文子音的發音規則。

英文字母子音發音規則

大多數的英文子音字母,只有一種發音,但是有些子音字母,會有兩個以上的發音。下面整理單一子音字母的各種發音規則。

英文子音發音規則表1

英文字母 發音 單字範例
b [b] baby, best, buy, bring, blind, absent, about, number, labor, robber, tub
c [s]
[k]
center, cellar, cigarette, cinema, agency, notice;
cake, come, cucumber, clean, cry, scratch, act, panic
d [d] day, dear, die, door, duty, admire, hidden, lady, kind, ride, ended
f [f] fast, female, five, forest, fund, fry, flight, often, deaf, cuff
g [g]
[j]
[zh]
game, gap, get, go, gun, great, global, giggle, ago, begin, dog, egg;
general, gin, giant, agent, suggest, Egypt, energy, huge, manage;
mirage, garage, beige, rouge
h [h]
[-]
hair, help, history, home, hotel, hunt, behind, inherit;
hour, honor, honest, heir, vehicle, Sarah
j [j] jam, Jane, jet, jelly, Jim, jingle, joke, John, June, just
k [k] Kate, kind, kill, kilogram, sky, blanket, break, take, look
l [l] late, let, live, alone, close, slim, please, old, nicely, table, file, all
m [m] make, men, mind, mother, must, my, common, summer, name, form, team
n [n] napkin, never, night, no, nuclear, funny, student, kindness, ton, sun
p [p] paper, person, pick, pour, public, repair, apple, keep, top, crisp
q (qu) [kw]
[k]
quality, question, quite, quote, equal, require;
unique, technique, antique, grotesque
r [r] rain, red, rise, brief, grow, scream, truck, arrive, hurry, turn, more, car
s [s]
[z]
send, simple, song, system, street, lost, kiss, release;
cause, present, reason, realism, advise, always, is, was
t [t] task, tell, time, tone, tune, hotel, attentive, student, boat, rest
v [v] vast, vein, vivid, voice, even, review, invest, give, move, active
w [w] wall, war, way, west, wind, word, would, swear, swim, twenty, twist
x [ks]
[gz]
[z]
exercise, exchange, expect, ex-wife, axis, fix, relax;
exam, exact, executive, exert, exist, exit, exult;
Xenon, Xerox, xenophobia, xylophone
z [z]
[ts]
zero, zoo, horizon, puzzle, crazy, organize, quiz, jazz;
pizza, Mozart, Nazi, waltz

從上面你可以發現,大多數英文子音字母只有一種發音,但是有些子音字母會有兩個以上的發音,例如:c, g, s,就有兩個以上的發音。

值得一提的是,Y這個字母有可能是母音,也有可能是子音。Y當作母音時,有[i], [ai] 兩種發音的可能。Y當作子音時,則發y的音。關於Y的發音,整理如下:

[i]: any, city, carry, funny, mystery, synonym;
[ai]: my, cry, rely, signify, nylon, type;
[y]: yard, year, yes, yet, yield, you.

上面這些單一字母的發音算是比較簡單的,還有更困難的字母組合的子音發音,整理如下:

英文子音發音規則表2

英文子母 發音 英文單字範例
cc [ks]
[k]
accent, accept, access, eccentric, accident;
accommodate, account, accuse, occur, acclaim
ch
tch
[ch] chain, check, chief, choose, teacher, much, church;
kitchen, catch, match, watch, pitch, stretch
ch (Latin, Greek)
ch (French)
[k]
[sh]
character, chemical, Chris, archive, mechanic, technical, ache;
champagne, charlatan, chef, chic, machine, cache
ck [k] black, pack, deck, kick, pick, cracker, pocket, rocket
dge [j] bridge, edge, judge, knowledge, budget, badger
gh [g]
[f]
[-]
ghost, ghastly, Ghana, ghetto;
cough, enough, rough, tough, laugh;
though, through, weigh, neighbor, bought, daughter
gu [g]
[gw]
guard, guess, guest, guide, guitar, dialogue;
language, linguistics, Guatemala, Nicaragua
ng [ŋ]
[ŋ]+[g]
king, sing, singer, singing, bang, long, wrong, tongue;
finger, anger, angry, longer, longest, single
ph [f] phone, photograph, phrase, phenomenon, biography
qu [kw]
[k]
quality, question, quite, quote, equal, require;
unique, technique, antique, grotesque
sc [s]
[sk]
science, scissors, scene, scent, scythe;
scan, scandal, scare, score, Scotch, scuba
sch [sk]
[sh]
school, scholar, scheme, schedule;
schnauzer, schedule
sh [sh] share, she, shine, shoe, fish, cash, push, punish
th [θ]
[ð]
thank, thick, think, thought, thunder, author, breath, bath;
this, that, then, though, father, brother, breathe, bathe
wh [w]
[h]
what, when, where, which, while, why, whale, wheel, white;
who, whom, whose, whole
xh [ks]
[ks]+[h]
[g]+[z]
exhibition;
exhumation, exhume, exhale;
exhaust, exhibit, exhilarate, exhort, exhume, exhale
含有不發聲的字母 發音 英文單字範例
bt, pt [t] doubt, debt, subtle; receipt, pterodactyl
kn, gn, pn [n] knee, knife, know; gnome, sign, foreign; pneumonia, pneumatic
mb, lm [m] lamb, climb, bomb, comb, tomb; calm, palm, salmon
ps [s] psalm, pseudonym, psychologist, psychiatrist
rh [r] rhapsody, rhetoric, rheumatism, rhythm, rhyme
wr [r] wrap, wreck, wrestle, wrinkle, wrist, write, wrong
其他特殊字母組合 發音 英文單字範例
ti, ci, si, su [sh] nation, patient, special, vicious, pension, Asia, sensual, pressure
si, su [zh] vision, fusion, Asia, usual, visual, measure, pleasure

總的來說,子音因為比母音多很多,所以各種發音也比較複雜一點。另外關於母音的發音規則整理,你可以參考下面文章:

另外,有人可能會很疑惑,要怎麼知道各種子音的發音,其實網路上很多資源都已經整理好了,例如下面網站有幫你整理好子音的發音,可以參考看看:

上面就是英文所有子音的發音規則啦!將上面全部子音的發音規則記下來之後,你就再也不用kk音標囉,看到單字你就可以立刻知道怎麼發音了,趕快學起來吧!

另外,如果你喜歡學習各種英文文法、英文片語、單字等等,歡迎追蹤全民學英文的 FB 粉絲專頁Instagram,以及Line 官方帳號