英文字母母音發音規則!所有母音整理!

英文字母母音發音規則!所有母音整理!

英文字母母音發音規則教學來囉!英文裡面有分子音跟母音,本篇文章要來教學英文裡面所有的母音,以及這些母音怎麼認出來,怎麼發音?如果你還不知道怎麼辨別母音,以及母音的發音,那就趕快來看這篇教學文章吧!

下面教學英文所有母音,以及發音規則。

英文字母母音發音規則

英文母音最基本的有A, E, I, O, U,但是這五個母音常常會跟其他字母組合,例如R,或是W。組合過後,就會有不同的發音喔。英文母音大致上有十七個,下面一一整理說明。

下面整理了英文母音對應發音的表格,中間英文字母代表,當你看到這樣的英文字母組合時,該英文字母的發音。

例如,當你看到ee這樣的母音組合時,代表它的發音是[i:]。又例如,當你看到 ai 這樣的英文字母時,它的發音是[ei]。

所以你可以對照下表,來確認自己該單字的母音如何發音。

英文母音對照發音表

母音發音 英文字母 英文單字範例
[i:] e, ee
ea
ie, ei
be, eve, see, meet, sleep,
meal, read, leave, sea, team,
field, believe, receive
[i] i
y
it, kiss, tip, pick, dinner,
system, busy, pity, sunny
[e] e
ea
let, tell, press, send, end,
bread, dead, weather, leather
[ei] a
ai, ay
ei, ey
ea
late, make, race, able, stable,
aim, wait, play, say, day,
eight, weight, they, hey,
break, great, steak
[æ] a cat, apple, land, travel, mad;
AmE: last, class, dance, castle, half
[a:] ar
a
army, car, party, garden, park,
father, calm, palm, drama;
BrE: last, class, dance, castle, half
[ai] i, ie
y, uy
ice, find, smile, tie, lie, die,
my, style, apply, buy, guy
[au] ou
ow
out, about, house, mouse,
now, brown, cow, owl, powder
[o] o not, rock, model, bottle, copy
[o:] or
o
aw, au
ought
al, wa-
more, order, cord, port,
long, gone, cost, coffee,
law, saw, pause, because,
bought, thought, caught,
hall, always, water, war, want
[oi] oi, oy oil, voice, noise, boy, toy
[ou] o
oa, ow
go, note, open, old, most,
road, boat, low, own, bowl
[yu:] u
ew
eu
ue, ui
use, duty, music, cute, huge, tune,
few, dew, mew, new,
euphemism, feud, neutral,
hue, cue, due, sue, suit
[u:] u
o, oo
ew
ue, ui
ou
rude, Lucy, June,
do, move, room, tool,
crew, chew, flew, jewel,
blue, true, fruit, juice,
group, through, route;
AmE: duty, new, sue, student
[u] oo
u
ou
look, book, foot, good,
put, push, pull, full, sugar,
would, could, should
neutral sound [ə] u, o
ou
a, e
o, i
gun, cut, son, money, love,
tough, enough, rough,
about, brutal, taken, violent,
memory, reason, family
[ər] er, ur, ir
or, ar
ear
serve, herb, burn, hurt, girl, sir,
work, word, doctor, dollar,
heard, earn, earnest, earth

這裡要注意,不同的母音字母組合,可能會有相同的發音喔,例如:oo、u、ou,它們的發音都是[u]。

值得一提的是,Y這個字母有可能是母音,也有可能是子音。Y當作母音時,有[i], [ai] 兩種發音的可能。Y當作子音時,則發y的音。關於Y的發音,整理如下:

[i]: any, city, carry, funny, mystery, synonym;
[ai]: my, cry, rely, signify, nylon, type;
[y]: yard, year, yes, yet, yield, you.

除了英文母音之外,子音的發音也很重要,而且也更複雜一點。關於英文子音的發音規則整理,可以參考下面文章:

另外一定會有人很納悶,上面十七種不同英文母音的發音,我該怎麼發音呢?其實網路上有不少資源都有提供英文母音的發音。

例如你可以參考下面文章來聽聽要怎麼發這些母音,相當實用喔:

上面就是英文母音的發音規則跟教學啦!把上面各種母音組合的情況記下來,你下次看到單字就可以很快的學會發音啦!

另外,如果你喜歡學習各種英文文法、英文片語、單字等等,歡迎追蹤全民學英文的 FB 粉絲專頁Instagram,以及Line 官方帳號