【英文文法】For 跟 To 的使用差別!

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編輯/偕詩敏

I ‘ve made an appointment to May 4th?! 詞不達意往往出在字彙的選擇!或許For 跟 To你都知道大概意思,但是要怎麼分辨他們呢?《English with Lucy》的美女講者Lucy要用輕鬆的例子告訴你何時用for,何時用to。從中學英文、文法,累積你的外語能力

1. 表達的用語

I moved to London for to learn English
這句意思是:為了學英文,我搬到倫敦。但這句是錯的。

To + 動詞
I went to the supermarket to buy apples.
我到超市要買蘋果。

For + 名詞
I went to the supermarket for apples.
我到超市要買蘋果。

答案:I moved to London to learn English

2. 接受者

I made a cake for Felicity.
我為Felicity 做了蛋糕。
因為蛋糕是從無到有(你為她做蛋糕),所以中間沒有傳遞動作,用for。

I gave a cake to Felicity.
我把蛋糕給了Felicity。
因為有傳遞動作,你把蛋糕給她,用to

3. 目的

這裡就像第一點一樣,動詞就用to,名詞就用for。
I asked her to give me the key.
我要她給我鑰匙。

I asked her for the keys.
我向她要鑰匙。

4. to 的用法

表動機
I came here to talk to you.
我來這裡要跟你談談。

距離
It’s about 10 km from my house to yours.

我家離你家距離10公里。

比較,這裡的to要念成”ㄜ”的音,比較道地。

I prefer apples to oranges.
比起橘子我比較喜歡蘋果。

表目的地
We are going to France.
我們要去法國了。

傳遞 (give、sell、send)

I sent it to her yesterday.
我昨天就寄給她了。

5. For用法

有好處、壞處

Drinking water is good for you.
喝水對你有好處。

一段時間
I lived in Spain for a few years.
我駐西班牙有幾年了。

規劃好行程
I ‘ve made an appointment for 4th May.
我五月四號要跟人見面。

幫助
Can I carry that for you?
我可以幫你拿嗎?

動機
I went to the supermarket for milk.
我到市場是為了買牛奶

作用
Wine is made for drinking.
酒是拿來喝的。

 

 

參考圖片:Bessi

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