關於「about」與「be about to」的那些差別!

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編輯/蕭譯婷

「about」有副詞與介係詞兩種詞性,因而有不同用法;而在前後加上be動詞與介係詞後又成了另一種意涵……有時滿容易搞混的,怎麼辦?

Engvid的講師Emma提出了「about」與「be about to」兩種用法,並且用大量的例句堆疊英文實力,讓你熟悉英文文法和語感,下次就能自然說出口!

1. About 大約(adv.)、關於(prep.)

(1) It’s about five miles to town. (around, close to) 大概還要五英哩才能到城內。
(2) What’s Titanic about? (subject) 鐵達尼號是在談論什麼?
What are you thinking about? (subject) 你在想什麼?

2. BeV + about + to + V = going to + V + soon 即將、正要

(1) I’m about to eat dinner. Can I call you when I finish? 我將要吃晚餐了,可以吃完再打給你嗎?
(2) The movie is about to begin. 這部電影要開始了。

3. BeV + not + about + to + V = determination (not used in writing)

帶有決心之意,但寫作時通常不會使用。
e.g. I am not about to stop studying English because I failed a class. 因為我某堂課被當了,所以我不會停止學習英文。

4. 練習

(1) Shiv is _______ six feet tall.
(2) I’m _______ get on the train.
(3) Your father is _______ let you date Antonio.
(4) What is Terminator _______?
(5) I just heard Aziza and Ayesha talking ______ Nadira.

5. 解答

(1) About
(2) About to
(3) Not about to
(4) About
(5) about

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圖片來源:pixabay