你知道He is nice和He is being nice的差別嗎? 3分鐘一次弄懂

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編輯:Lily

英文裡只要一點點不同,整句話的意思就會完全不一樣。你知道He is nice跟He is being nice的差別嗎?讓Engvid.com的講師Emma帶我們弄懂吧!

Be or being

The boy is naughty. The boy is being naughty.兩句看似都在說男孩很頑皮,但一個是在形容個性,一個是在描述行為。The boy is naughty.在形容男孩的個性、特質,代表他通常都很調皮搗蛋。The boy is being naughty. 形容他當下的行為,男孩平時可能很乖,是個都會聽父母的話的好小孩,但有天他表現不佳,做出了調皮的行為,這時就可以說The boy is being naughty. 頑皮在這邊是暫時的並非常態。

來看其他例子。I was careful when I drove. 說這句話的人平時都很小心,所以他開車的時候也很小心。但加入being後就又不一樣了。I was being careful when I drove. 這個人平時開車不小心,但假如他看到警察,那他就會小心開車,描述平常不會有的行為加上being就對了。

再看最後一個例子。Stacy平時都在看電視什麼事都不做,我們可以說Stacy is lazy.但如果Stacy平時都很努力工作,只有今天特別的疲憊,所以懶散一下,這時就可以說Stacy is being lazy.

練習

1. I’m being bad means:
(a) I’m always bad.
(b) I’m doing something bad right now, but I’m usually good.
(c) I’m doing something good right now, but I’m usually bad.

2. Gail is usually a very honest woman, but yesterday she lied to her boss. What can we say about Gail?
(a) Gail is being dishonest.
(b) Gail was being dishonest.
(c) Gail was been dishonest.
答案:b、b

圖片來源: pixabay

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