【英文聽力技巧】讓你增進英文聽力的7個方法!

編輯/偕詩敏

《English with Lucy》的Lucy分享了7個提升英文聽力的方法,還分享了語音學的技巧。除了讓我們對外國了解更多,也能增加一項技能(英文聽力),趕快學起來,提升自己的英文聽力吧!

1. Variety 多樣化

You are going to meet people from all over the world with all different accents, and you’re going to need to understand them.
你必須認識世界各地的人,還有他們的口音,

2. How much time do you actually dedicate to practicing and improving your listening?

Practice makes perfect. 孰能生巧

It takes time and dedication, and it’s called a skill because for a reason is something that you have to develop.
英文需要時間和付出,它被稱為技能也是有原因的,你必須要培養英文。

3. Resources 資源

Watching TV programs or movies in English, it’s great. But I think you can take a step further.
看英文字幕的電視、電影,這很棒,但我認為你還可以再進階。

What I recommend you to do to take your listening to the next level is watch each program or movie twice. It’s probably more achievable with programs, short ones.
我建議你提升英文的方法,就是每天看節目兩次。或許時間短的節目比較容易達成。
Lucy也推薦影集Friends(美式英語American English)或是BBC頻道的news

I want you to watch it first with no subtitles, see how much you can understand.
我要你第一遍不看字幕,看你能了解多少。

4. Audio books 有聲書

Pick a book that is interesting and relevant to you.
選一本和你相關,或有趣的書

Judge it by your level, if you are quite a low-level, choose a children’s book. For more intermediate maybe go something like teenagers, and if you are advanced, obviously go for something aimed to adults or maybe has a lot of technical language.

根據自己等級判斷,如果你是初階的人,選兒童書。對於中階的人,選擇青少年的讀物,如果你是高階等級的人,當然是選些針對成年人或是有技術性語言的書。

Lucy也推薦了有聲書最好的網站,就是Audible

If you click the link in the description box, you can get a free audio book and a 30-day trial. 如果你點網站中的說明連結join now,你就能獲得一本免費有聲書和30天試用。

5. Multi task 多元化練習

Unlike reading or watching TV, listening is something you can do whilst you do something else.
有別於閱讀和看電視,聽力是你可以在做別的事情中做的事。

6. Do not translate 別翻譯!

Something I always say on my students is their fluency over accuracy.
我常常告訴我的學生,說得流利比說的精確來的重要。

7. Learn speech patterns 學習說話模式

English is not a phonetic language and we don’t always follow our own pronunciation rules.
英語不是靠聽語音就能學好的,我們也不是一直照著發音規則來說話。

Lucy建議學學Homophones 同音異義字,來增加自己的字彙量

舉例:Bare (赤裸的) 跟Bear (熊)

此外,她還提到Minimal pairs 最小對立體,也就是母音不同的兩個幾乎相近單字。

例如:Ship /ʃɪp/ 船(短音)跟Sheep /ʃiːp/ 羊(長音) ,因為音標的i是長音,而ɪ是短音。

Weak forms 弱形式,相較之下就有Strong forms 強形式

At Weak forms /ət/ Strong forms /æt/

Schwa /ʃwɑː/ 也就是音標ə

Lucy也解釋,如果在對話中,I’ll meet you at three o’clock. 她會用Weak forms。

Reduction 減字

例如:Wanna跟Gonna等等

Contractions 縮略

I will -> I’ll
I am -> I’m
She would -> she’d

圖片來源:Pexels

另外,如果你喜歡學習各種英文文法、英文片語、單字等等,歡迎追蹤全民學英文的 FB 粉絲專頁Instagram,以及Line 官方帳號