英文beside 與 besides 差別是?用法與中文意思講解!

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編輯/蕭譯婷

「beside」與「besides」其實只差了一個字母s,但卻有各自不同的意義與使用方法,這真是英文尤其惱人之處!

但Engvid的講師Emma貼心地整理出「beside」和「besides」的相關用法,讓你在之後遇到這兩個字而不知如何分辨時,能有個遵循的依據!

1. Beside 有三種用法:

(1) Beside (prep.) 在旁邊,“ at the side of”
(2) Beside oneself 極度興奮、神智失常
e.g. Luke was beside himself when Obi-Wan Kenobi died. 當Obi-Wan Kenobi逝世,Luke陷入神智失常。
(3) Beside 和……無關、離(題)
e.g. That’s beside the point! 這偏離主題了!

2. Besides 有兩種用法:

(1) in addition to 除了……之外

e.g. Who was at the restaurant besides Chewbacca and Han Solo? 除了Chewbacca 與 Han Solo以外,誰在餐廳裡?
e.g. Besides watching Star Wars, what else do you like to do? 除了欣賞星際大戰電影之外,你還喜歡做甚麼?

(2) An after thought 事後的想法

e.g. I don’t want to go outside. It’s too cold. Besides, Jar Jar Binks is here. 我不想到外頭去,天氣太冷了。而且Jar Jar Binks在外面。
e.g. I’m too tired to blow up the Death Star. Besides, we need to fix R2-D2. 我已經累到無法炸毀死星了。而且我們需要修理R2-D2。

(3) except 例外

e.g. No ship besides the Millennium Falcon can fly that fast. 除了Millennium Falcon之外沒有船艦能飛行得如此之快。

3. beside vs. besides 練習

(1) _______ studying for your test, what else will you do tonight?
(2) Do you want to sit _______ Alice or Aya?
(3) That’s ______ the point!
(4) _______ Raj’s house, every house in the neighborhood has a driveway.

4. 解答:

(1) Besides
(2) Beside
(3) Beside
(4) besides

圖片來源:pixabay

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