「間接引語」是什麼?怎麼用?

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編輯/簡旻柔

想要用英語引用他人講過的話,到底要用第一人稱還是第三人稱?要加上下引號嗎?主詞該變嗎?讓講師Benjamin一次告訴你!

1.Direct speech 

使用引號,直接引用他人說的話。

Billy said, “I’m feeling sick.”

(比利說,「我覺得我生病了。」)

2.Reported speech 

第三者角度描述他人說過的話。

Billy said that he was feeling sick.

(比利說他覺得他生病了。)

在Reported speech過去式用法中,動詞以以下方式變化。

am, is -> was

are -> were

do, does -> did

have, has -> had

will -> would

can -> could

規律變化中,動詞加上ed成為過去式。

want -> wanted

inform -> informed

answer -> answered

report ->  reported

respond -> responded

suggest -> suggested

persuade -> persuade

而以下是非規則變化。

reply -> replied

3.Tell

某人向已知對象說話。

Billy told me that you were a jerk.

(比利跟我說你是傻瓜。)

4.Say

某人向未知對象說話。

Billy said that you were kissing at school.

(比利說你在學校親親。)

 

圖片來源:pixaby

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