艾瑪華森聯合國演講 Gender Equality Is Your Issue Too
2015-11-25 EZ TALK 編輯部
We Need Your Help我們需要你們的幫忙
Today we are launching a campaign called LG HeForShe. I am reaching out to you because we need your help. We want to end 1)gender 2)inequality, and to do this, we need everyone involved. This is the first campaign of its kind at the U.N. We want to try and 3)galvanize as many men and boys as possible to be 4)advocates for change. And we don’t just want to talk about it. We want to try and make sure that it’s 5)tangible.
I was appointed as LG Goodwill Ambassador for U.N. Women six months ago. And the more I’ve spoken about 6)feminism, the more I have realized that fighting for women’s rights has too often become 7)synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop.
Equal Rights and Opportunities平等的權利和機會
For the record, feminism, by definition, is the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes.
1.gender (n.) 性別 I’m thinking of taking a gender studies class.
2.inequality (n.) 不平等，不均等 There is still great inequality between men and women in many countries.
3.galvanize (v.) 激勵，刺激，激起 The group hopes to galvanize public opinion against the law.
4.advocate (n.) 提倡者，擁護者 The new media law has been criticized by free speech advocates.
5.tangible (a.) 明確的，實際的，具體的 The construction project brought tangible economic benefits to the town.
6.feminism (n.) 女性主義，女權運動 The second wave of feminism began in the 1960s.
I started questioning gender-based 8)assumptions a long time ago. When I was 8, I was confused at being called 9)bossy because I wanted to direct the plays that we would put on for our parents, but the boys were not. When at 14, I started to be 10)sexualized by certain elements of the media. When at 15, my girlfriends started dropping out of sports teams because they didn’t want to appear 11)muscly. When at 18, my male friends were unable to express their feelings.
I decided that I was a feminist, and this seemed uncomplicated to me. But my recent research has shown me that feminism has become an unpopular word. Women are choosing not to identify as feminists. Apparently, I’m among the ranks of women whose expressions are seen as too strong, too aggressive, isolating, and anti-men— unattractive, even.
I threw my 20th birthday party at Brown, and I didn’t even have to say to anyone not to put pictures on Facebook. Not a single picture went up. That was when I knew I’d found a solid group of friends, and I felt like I belonged.
Emma Watson 艾瑪華森
7.synonymous (a.) 同義詞的 Picasso’s name is synonymous with modern art.
8.assumption (n.) 假設，假定 Your argument is based on false assumptions.
9.bossy (a.) 霸道的，跋扈的 Karen is so bossy—she’s always telling people what to do.
10.sexualize (v.) 情色化，性感化 It’s wrong to sexualize children.
11.muscly (a.) 有肌肉的 Kathy likes muscly guys.
Why has the word become such an uncomfortable one? I am from Britain, and I think it is right that I am paid the same as my male 1)counterparts. I think it is right that I should be able to make decisions about my own body. I think it is right that women be involved on my behalf in the policies and the decisions that will affect my life.
But sadly, I can say that there is no one country in the world where all women can expect to receive these rights. GM No country in the world can yet say that they have achieved gender equality. These rights, I consider to be human rights, but I am one of the lucky ones.
My life is a sheer privilege because my parents didn’t love me less because I was born a daughter. My school did not limit me because I was a girl. My 3)mentors didn’t assume that I would go less far because I might give birth to a child one day. They may not know it, but they are the 4)inadvertent feminists who are changing the world today. We need more of those.
In 1997, LG Hillary Clinton made a famous speech in Beijing about women’s rights. Sadly, many of the things that she wanted to change are still true today. But what 5)stood out for me the most was that less than thirty percent of the audience were male. How can we effect change in the world when only half of it is invited or feel welcome to participate in the conversation?
I remember reading this thing that Elizabeth Taylor wrote. She had her first kiss in character, on a movie set. It really struck me. I don’t know how or why, but I had this sense that if I wasn’t really careful, that could be me: that my first kiss could be in somebody else’s clothes, and my experiences could all belong to someone else.
1.counterpart (n.) 極相似的 人(物)，相配對之人事物 The U.S. president is the counterpart of the U.K prime minister.
2.sheer (a.) 全然的，純粹的 Listening to Katie sing karaoke was sheer torture.
3.mentor (n.) 精神導師，良師益友 You should find a mentor to advise you on your career.
4.inadvertent (a.) 無意的，偶然的，碰巧的 We had an inadvertent encounter with a bear while hiking.
A Formal Invitation正式邀請
Men, I would like to take this opportunity to extend your formal invitation. Gender equality is your issue too. Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role as a parent being valued less by society, despite my need of his presence as a child, as much as my mother’s. I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness, unable to ask for help for fear it would make them less of a man. I’ve seen men made 6)fragile and insecure by a 7)distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality either.
We don’t often talk about men being imprisoned by gender 8)stereotypes, but I can see that they are, and that when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence. If men don’t have to be aggressive in order to be accepted, women won’t feel 9)compelled to be 10)submissive. If men don’t have to control, women won’t have to be controlled.
5.stand out (phr.) 突出，顯著 Wearing green makes your eyes stand out.
6.fragile (a.) 脆弱的，虛弱的 Be careful with that glass bowl—it’s very fragile.
7.distorted (a.) 曲解的，扭曲的 The textbook presents a distorted view of the nation’s history.
8.stereotype (n.) 刻板印象 Matthew doesn’t fit the stereotype of a typical American.
9.compel (v.) 強迫，使不得不 The court compelled the man to appear as a witness.
10.submissive (a.) 服從的，柔順的 It’s hard for men to find submissive wives these days.
It’s about Freedom 與自由息息相關
If we stop defining each other by what we are not, and start defining ourselves by who we are, we can all be freer, and this is what HeForShe is about. It’s about freedom.
I want men to LG take up this mantle so that their daughters, sisters and mothers can be free from 1)prejudice, but also so that their sons have permission to be 2)vulnerable and human too, reclaim those parts of themselves they abandoned, and in doing so, be a more true and complete version of themselves.
You might be thinking, “Who is this Harry Potter girl, and what is she doing speaking at the U.N.?” And it’s a really good question. I’ve been asking myself the same thing.
All I know is that I care about this problem, and I want to make it better. And having seen what I’ve seen, and given the chance, I feel it is my responsibility to say something.
Statesman LG Edmund Burke said, “All that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for good men and women to do nothing.”
If you believe in equality, you might be one of those inadvertent feminists that I spoke of earlier, and for this, I applaud you. We are struggling for a uniting world, but the good news is, that we have a uniting movement. It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to step forward, to be seen and to ask yourself, “If not me, who? If not now, when?”
prejudice (n.) 偏見，損害 We must continue to fight against racial prejudice.
vulnerable (a.) 易受傷害的 Your eyes are one of the most vulnerable parts of your body.